This initiative supports English Learners and/or low income students.

Thank you for trying School Budget Hold'em

Please give us quick feedback

We want this tool to be as useful as possible and we can only do so with your help. Please take two minutes to answer these questions. Thank you!

LCAP State Priorities:
Basic-- teacher appropriate assignment
Implementation of state standards
Parental involvement
Pupil achievement
Pupil engagement
School climate
Course access
Other pupil outcomes

Overall Student
Achievement Impact

positive impact on student achievement
negative impact on student achievement

budget change


Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Why this game?

    This exercise is about deciding on what is important and making the necessary trade-offs to achieve your instructional goals in the context of budget tightening. We have found that the game format enables district leaders and others to step outside of the constraints of their day to day decision-making to look at program and budget choices in a new and more integrated way. The lessons can then be applied to transform their own district strategic budgeting process.

  2. Where do I start?

    It's best to start by articulating your priorities. What items and programs should be fully funded and protected from cuts? Where are your particular needs? Do you want to make sure you improve your teaching staff? Or does your district need to improve technology? There are many different hands to play and they can all be good. You need to determine what's right for you now and then make the difficult trade-offs to start making that vision a reality.

  3. How did you come up with your percentages?

    The percentages are "educated estimates" based on ERS' work over the past 15 years with urban districts and on NCES national statistics. They are meant to give you an idea of the relative impact that different decisions will have on a typical district budget. Obviously, the real numbers for your district will vary. But don't let that stop you. Suspend your disbelief for a moment, because the real value of the game is helping you and your colleagues think in new ways about the challenges and opportunities you face.

  4. What do the Student Impact arrows mean and how did you calculate them?

    The student impact associated with each card (displayed as arrows in upper left) is an estimation to show the relative impact of investments on student achievement. The range of impact is from -2 to +2 and is informed by ERS’ work with urban districts. A student impact of 1 or 2 indicates a positive impact on student achievement, with 2 indicating a stronger impact than 1. Similarly, -1 or -2 indicates a negative impact on student achievement. An impact of 0 represents little or no impact due to implementing the decision on the card. These are meant to be directionally accurate, but the actual magnitude of the impact will vary based on quality of implementation and the unique context of your district.

  5. How do you account for different district situations (rural, urban, suburban)?

    Because this tool is designed to facilitate learning about the impact of decisions and strategic tradeoffs, it was purposefully not designed to be customized to particular district types. If the relative magnitude of a savings or investment option doesn't seem right for your district you can choose not to use that card or track the change off-line. Future iterations may allow for more flexibility around the choices available to enable some adjustment for particular district situations.

  6. Where can I learn more about ERS' approach to district resource allocation?

    ERS' "Practical Tools for District Transformation" are both a series of online self-assessments and in-depth guides to help districts reallocate their resources to improve instruction and make every dollar count. What are the common mistakes? What are long-term and short-term actions to take? How can districts accurately measure what they're doing now? ERS guides are available to download at no cost or for purchase on edweek.org.

  7. How can this help me with my real budget?

    The increase in funding that LCFF provides is welcomed, but after years of budget cuts and freezes, districts may find it difficult to determine where to start. How should this increase in funding be used? There is no one perfect answer, but this exercise can help you to:

    1. understand the relative impact of different choices on your budget and student achievement,
    2. think about how to make trade-offs so your investments and cuts are being made in alignment with a vision for improvement, and
    3. provide a vehicle through which various stakeholders can explore and discuss the tough trade-offs together.
  8. How can this be useful if I don’t know where to start?

    Our hope is that this exercise will help to reframe your budget process from reinstating programs and other cuts from previous years to creating a list of priorities and making tough trade-offs to get there. You are going to have to cut and make difficult decisions while you begin to invest in your vision. But at least when you're finished you will be making choices that lead you to investing in long-term and short-term improvements.

  9. Are there other districts that have used this with success?

    ERS has used various versions of the original Hold’Em game with several of our district partners and a cross-district network of CFOs and CAOs. We are making this more broadly available based on feedback from these districts on how it helped them to approach strategic budgeting decisions.. In addition, the Memphis CFO adapted a version of it for a very successful leadership team budget strategy offsite. Read about it here. If you have suggestions or comments, please let us know!

  10. What is the range of investment and saving options?

    The more than 50 cards affect teaching and leadership effectiveness, time and attention, operational efficiency, and more. Investment estimates range from 0% to as much as 2.0% of the budget. Savings cards can yield from as little as .1% reduction in the overall budget to as much as 2.0%.

  11. How realistic are the options on the cards?

    Some cards are easy to implement. Other cards require changing legislation, contracts, and the mindsets of key stakeholders. Although controversial, these actions are possible and have been taken by actual districts. Your own district's priorities and needs should drive the choices worth seriously considering, regardless of the obstacles.

  12. Why can’t I see all the text on the cards?

    If you're having trouble seeing all the text on some cards you need to adjust the text size in your browser. This can generally be accomplished by pressing Ctrl and Minus keys at the same time on a PC, or Command and Minus keys at the same time on an Apple computer.

  13. Who funded Hold'em?

    The original version of School Budget Hold'em was funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the Carnegie Corporation of New York. School Budget Hold’em-California was made possible by the Charles & Helen Schwab Foundation of California. Complete list of ERS funders »

Select your budget target: